Oral health is commonly concerned with diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area as well as the adjacent & associated structures. Oral health is very important to one’s overall health. The history of dentistry is as ancient as the history of humanity and civilization with the evidence dating from 7000 BC. Oral health is essential for our well-being at every stage of life. Having a healthy mouth is such a relief. It gives us a peace in our mind and body. We only realize it when we face troubles related to our mouth. It’s like not sensing the air when we are actually breathing in it.
Good oral health care is imperative for children, adults to old but many people don’t realize how important it is to establish an oral health routine in our day to day life. Untreated tooth decay is not only painful, but also can affect our ability to eat and speak and may lead to future oral and overall health problems. Our dental condition has a great influence overall health and disease. Bacteria from the mouth can cause various diseases. More than 500 bacterial strains have been identified in dental biofilm, while about 150 bacterial strains have been isolated from dental pulp infections.
Most oral lesions are opportunistic infections. They are caused by microorganisms commonly found in the mouth, but normally kept in check by the body’s defense mechanisms. These microorganisms can induce extensive localized infections that compromise general well-being. Besides being a portal of entry for infections, the mouth is an important source of potentially pathogenic organisms and is often the vehicle by which disease is delivered to the other parts of the body. Viral diseases such as hepatitis B, herpes labialis, acute herpetic gingivostomatitis, cytomegalovirus and infectious mononucleosis may also originate from oral contact.
The role of the mouth as a portal of entry for infection presents significant threat for new diseases. Although oral tissues and fluids normally provide effective barriers and protection against microbial infections, at times these infections can not only cause local disease but, under certain circumstances, can disseminate to cause infections in other parts of the body.
The control of existing oral infections is clearly of intrinsic importance and a necessary precaution to prevent systemic complications. Overall a better understanding about how closely our dental condition and entire health are related is very crucial to avoid unnecessary illness.